Seagram Building located at 375 Park Avenue, between 52nd and 53rd street was designed by __________.
a) Rem Koolhaas
b) Mies van der Rohe
c) Zaha Hadid
Seagram Building was completed in __________.
The architectural style of Seagram Building is __________.
a) Art Deco Style
b) International Style
c) Gothic Style
There are lots of skyscrapers in Manhattan. Some of these buildings look alike, but these are not the same. There is an office building, the Seagram Building, located at 375 Park Avenue, between 52nd and 53rd Streets. This building is designed by Mies van der Rohe, one of the pioneers of modern architecture, in 1958.
Mies was a German American architect having been exiled from his country. He was a successful architect in Europe, he was also a director of Bauhaus, a very important design school during the early 20th century in Germany. Nazis rejected the philosophy of the school and shut it down. Meanwhile, Mies changed the location of the school and refused to leave the school however, he did not succeed. He moved to the U.S. in the late 1930s and started his second career here.
“Less is more” is the famous motto of Mies. His design was regarded as simple and pure. The Seagram Building is considered as the international style of architecture, using universal materials such as glass, steel, and concrete. This 38th-story black box has a plaza that is a big open space in front of the building. He designed this space to comply with all the construction rules. He wanted to design a high-rise building so he set back the volume. He did not design the frontal space purposely. Then the space was highly evaluated because it welcomed lots of people. Thus, the law having a open space in front of a high-rise building was enacted by New York City in 1961. This building changed the construction rules of New York City.